From Start to Finish.
Let us help determine any orthodontic problems and all of your treatment options. We’ll even discuss next steps and what to expect from treatment.

Glossary of Orthodontic Terms


Anything Dr. Koen attaches to your teeth to move them or change the dimension of your jaw. (Examples: brackets, expander, etc.)  


A metal wire which is attached to your brackets to move your teeth.  


A metal tooth ring with a bracket attached to it which is attached to your archwires to move your teeth.  


A metal or ceramic brace that is bonded to a tooth and serves as a special “tooth handle” to which is fastened the archwire.  

Kobi Tie/Hook

A special metal hook tied to an individual bracket to be used for hooking elastics up by the patient.  


A rubber mouthpiece is worn to protect teeth during athletic pursuits.  

Power Chain

A stretchable elastic chain used to close spaces, rotate teeth, or hold archwire into brackets.  

Power Ties

Elastic ties that hold an orthodontic wire to an individual bracket.  


A device which is worn to hold orthodontic correction following the removal of orthodontic appliances. These can be worn full or part-time, they can be removable or bonded, and they can be fabricated from a number of materials.  

Rubber Bands

Elastic removable bands of varying sizes and strengths worn by most orthodontic patients to move teeth.  


A small, thick, blue rubber band placed by an orthodontic assistant between teeth for a period of one week to create space for an orthodontic band.